Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents, or DAPA, is an exercise of prosecutorial discretion that provides temporary relief from deportation (deferred action) and eligibility for work authorization to undocumented parents of U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents (LPRs). The President first announced the initiative on November 20, 2014 as part of the series of administrative reforms—executive actions—on immigration.

DAPA will be open to individuals who:

  1. Have a U.S. citizen or LPR son or daughter as of November 20, 2014;
  2. Have continuously resided in the United States since at least January 1, 2010;
  3. Are physically present in the United States on November 20, 2014 and at the time of applying;
  4. Have no lawful immigration status on November 20, 2014;
  5. Are not an enforcement priority, which includes individuals with a wide range of criminal convictions (including certain misdemeanors), those suspected of gang involvement and terrorism, recent unlawful entrants, and certain other immigration law violators;
  6. Present no other factors that would render a grant of deferred action inappropriate; and
  7. Pass a background check.

DAPA grants will last for three years.