H-3 visa for trainees in the United States
H-3 visa in the United States refers to non-immigrant visas intended for foreigners who come to the United States to participate in an internship program for an existing profession or specialty in order to improve their qualifications since such an internship is not possible in the country residence of the foreigner. H3 visa in the United States is not a work visa and the purpose of the visa is to learn, not to start a new profession or specialty or to get a degree. H3 visa is not available for medical training. In this article, we will look at what the requirements of US legislation for the above-mentioned foreign interns, areas for which the H3 visa is available in the United States, the validity period of a visa, and other issues related to obtaining an H3 visa for students.
About the H-3 Visa Program
The definition of H3 status can be found in the section of the Immigration and Citizenship Act (INA). This section contains the following basic requirements for applicants for an H3 visa for trainees:
- The applicant must have a residence in another country that he or she does not intend to refuse.
- The applicant must come to the United States temporarily as an intern (except when receiving medical education or vocational training)
- Applicant must not participate in the US H3 Visa Program for employment in the US.
In addition, the regulation provides that spouses and minor children of foreigners who are issued H3 visas for trainees can accompany participants of the H3 US Visa Program, if they have received H4 type visas for entry into the USA.
H3 visa: qualification requirements and other issues
As already mentioned, the H3 visa requires the applicant to obtain a visa with the availability of a residence in another country without any intention to refuse it. Thus, the double citizenship intention is not allowed.
In addition, the norms of the Code of United States Federal Regulations provide a list of areas in which holders of H3 visas can do an internship in the United States. The list below is not complete:
- Other areas
An H3 type work visa is granted to foreign interns who wish to complete vocational training in the United States in any field of activity other than medicine with the aim of improving their skills in that field. As already mentioned, we are talking about raising the qualifications that already exist, and not about gaining knowledge in some other field. In addition, temporary non-immigrant H3 visas for trainees can be granted only to those foreigners whose qualifications meet the requirements for study participants.
Since the H3 visa is not intended directly for employment in the United States, such a visa is issued by the US authorities solely because foreigners (applicants for this visa type) cannot take similar training in their country of residence. Therefore, the American organizers of the internship programs “H3 US visa” need to prove:
- that they are not going to hire foreign interns after graduation;
- explain what benefits they have from the professional training of foreign trainees.
The organizers of training for holders of H3 visas in the United States provide different evidence of their benefits, for example, that an international company conducts an internship at a training center that is located in the United States or training is conducted for employees of foreign offices of American and other companies, or an employer of foreign interns in the country of residence is related business with a company in the USA. US law allows the only possibility when a foreign trainee is allowed to work while in the United States under the received H3 visa status. Such work is possible if it is not a significant part of the internship program: a foreign intern can work no more than 50 percent of the time that is allotted for the entire vocational training program in the United States.
In order to qualify for an H3 visa for trainees, it is necessary to demonstrate that:
- the training offered is not available in their own country
- the foreign intern has a level of qualification that will allow him to master the curriculum
- a foreign citizen will not work in the United States, except in cases where such work is not a significant part of the training program
- Vocational training will benefit the international trainee and help him in a career outside the United States
Each application for an H3 visa for trainees should usually include:
a description of the type of training and a description of the curriculum;
the number of study hours and other employment;
description of the types of work of a foreign intern abroad;
an indication of the reasons why such training cannot be carried out in the country of a foreign trainee and why such training is necessary for him in the United States.
A training program cannot be accepted if:
the program is outlined in general without a fixed schedule of classes, a list of courses, goals, assessment tools;
the program is not compatible with the business or activities of the applicant;
foreign trainees already have the level of qualification that the training program implies;
it is unlikely that knowledge or skills acquired in the United States will be used outside the United States;
Intended training may lead to employment in the United States since the program is actually designed to train foreign nationals to meet the needs of the applicant in the United States;
the applicant does not have competent specialists for training according to the declared program.
Applying for the status of “H3 visa”
An application for an H3 visa is submitted by completing the I-129 form — Applications for a non-immigrant worker (with supplement form H). One application may contain information about several interns, if the interns will do the same practice in the same place and in the same period. Spouses and unmarried trainee children in “H3 visa” status are eligible for an H4 visa (if applicable) to accompany or to join an intern in “H3 visa” status for the same period as the H3 visa for trainees.
Rejection of an application for an H3 visa in the United States may be appealed to the Administrative Appeals Board (AAO).
Some persons legally admitted as non-immigrants in the United States have the right to change the status of H3, provided that they have an I-94 form with an expiration date. However, this will depend on the status in which the non-immigrant legally resides.
Houston Immigration Lawyer Gasana / Immigration Help with H-3 Visas for Trainees
Work visa type H3, as already mentioned, is not intended for employment in the United States. Therefore, US employers who are looking for foreign workers for employment in the United States should consult with an immigration lawyer regarding non-immigration and immigration visas that are designed specifically for the purpose of employment. An experienced immigration lawyer will be able to assess the applicant’s tasks and the ability of the alien to obtain H3 visa status or another visa status in order to advise the visa concerned.
One interesting note that applies to H3 visa holders in the US. Some foreigners who are eligible for an H3 visa may also be eligible for a visa of type B1 or status J1. This note is another argument for obtaining a professional analysis of an immigration lawyer regarding the tasks of the applicant and the foreigner in the realization of their mutual desire, swinging or getting an H3 visa for trainees, or for obtaining another visa that would enable the foreigner to find a job in the USA.